historical background

historical background

The remaining evidence, including ancient sites, indicates the establishment and human life of prehistoric times in this area. Therefore, Gonabad is one of the oldest Iranian cities in the earth, which was also considered by the rulers during the Achaemenid period due to its location in the strategic region.

The Qanats of Gonabad, which some attribute to Bahman (Esfandiyar's son) , are indicative of the prosperity of the area in the ancient period. On the other hand, in the Shahnameh stories, Gonabad has been the epic battlefield of mythology.
This city was at the height of Islam, called "Janaabad", to the era of Islamic civilization and has been based on the writings of historians and geographers and has been of particular importance. Many times in Ferdowsi's Shahnameh, they refer to Gonabad or Janaabad and considered this place in the wars of Turan and Iran. According to Shahnameh, "Piran Vise" was Afrasiyab's minister, and is now buried in Gonabad.

Among other things, the passage of Naser Khosrow from the mountainous part of Kakhk and the village of Kalat and the foothills of the Ghohestan mountains to Qaen mountains, which has many pistachio trees, has been mentioned in its travel report.

In the history of Hafez Ebro, Khorasan was divided into twelve provinces in the 8th and 9th centuries AH, Gonabad was the center of Ghohestan province.

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